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Impact of International Migration on Socioeconomic Development in

Samuel Oyole Ekoja, PhD

Political Science Department, Benue State University, Makurdi
Raymond Tavershima Anumve, PhD

Political Science Department, University of Mkar, Mkar, Benue State, Nigeria


The poor socioeconomic and political conditions in most less developed nations including Nigeria have pushed phenomenal migration, which in Nigeria’s case, has seen its citizens moving to Europe especially through the Sahara desert. The main objective of this study was to examine the impact of international migration on socioeconomic development of Nigeria. The study adopted the descriptive design and used historical structural theory of migration to explain the migration phenomenon. Data were sourced essentially from secondary sources including scholarly journals, books, newspapers, and reports from international agencies concerned with international migration. The study revealed that migration has negatively affected Nigeria especially as most of her well trained professionals like doctors, engineers, and the likes, massively leave to foreign lands. It concluded that migration has denied Nigeria most of its skilled manpower thus denying it an essential tool for development. The study recommended that there is need for the Nigeria Diaspora to get actively involved in the development process since they possess some skills the country needs in its quest to develop. The huge population of Nigerians living in the Diaspora needs to see themselves as sources of huge foreign exchange earnings as Nigeria is the highest recipient of remittances in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Key Words: International Migration, Remittances, Diaspora, Development, Skilled Manpower

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