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ECOWAS Treaty on Migration, and Challenges of Internal Security
in Nigeria

Dr. Emmanuel C. Ojukwu* Nzube A. Chukwuma** Samuel N.C. Nwagbo***

Department of Political Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University,


This study interrogates the influence of migration inflows from ECOWAS countries, and the resultant internal insecurity in Nigeria. The mass movement of people within West African countries has reached an unprecedented magnitude, with attendant internal insecurity implications in Nigeria. The recent killings in Benue and Taraba states and other threats to internal security in Nigeria have increased persistently with the influx of immigrants estimated to be 1.1 million, mostly from the ECOWAS region. Thus, despite the dialogue on the operational framework for improved coordination and cooperation between the Nigeria Immigration Service, and Immigration Institutions in neighbouring countries, migration dilemma and its immigration challenges have continued to increase. Therefore, anchored on John Rudolph Killen’s Theory of Geopolitics, data for the study were generated through the documentary methods of data collection and analyzed using the qualitative technique. The finding reveals that the internal insecurity challenges in Nigeria persist majorly because of the impacts of geopolitics that is an inseparable link to increasing migration/immigration inflow to Nigeria vis-a-vis the ECOWAS treaty on free movement. The study recommends the need for governments in the ECOWAS region to revisit the free movement protocol to incorporate national interests.

Keywords: Geopolitics, Migration / Immigration, Internal Insecurity, and ECOWAS

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